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scirpus lacustris schoenoplectus

Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla. Dyed and woven, tules are used to make baskets, bowls, mats, hats, clothing, duck decoys, and even boats by Native American groups. [1], The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus as "Scirpus lacustris" in his 1753 Species Plantarum. val . Etymology - Scirpus is Latin for bulrush, and lacustris refers to its normally lacustrine habitat. [4], "Notes on the treatment of Cyperaceae for Flora Iranica", Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, "Im botanischen Discussionsabende am 16. Scirpus macrophyllus Besser ex Schult. Scirpus lacustris is a PERENNIAL growing to 2.5 m (8ft 2in). Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp. Hollow pith-filled greyish green leaves rise from the base to up to 2 metres, topping which are brown spiky flowers. Jahrb. Note that the name bulrush is also applied to species in the unrelated genus Typha as well as to other sedges. Scirpus lacustris var. kalmusii (Asch. Throughout western North America (4) Climate, elevation. Synonyms . It is so common in wetlands in California, several places in the state were named for it, including Tulare (a tulare is a tule marsh). Leaves vary greatly in size, some being hardly discernible, others growing to 10 centimeters or, when floating, reaching a length of 30 to 60 centimeters. major Schrad Scirpus lacustris var. lacustris. One of the few Pomo survivors of the Bloody Island Massacre (also called the Clear Lake Massacre) in Northern California, a 6-year-old girl named Ni'ka, or Lucy Moore, evaded the United States Cavalry by hiding behind the tule reeds in the bloodied water. 45th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani, commonly called softstem bulrush or great bulrush, is a rhizomatous emergent aquatic perennial of cosmopolitan distribution that typically grows in a variety of wetlands including the margins of ponds/lakes, banks of slow-moving rivers/streams, marshes, fens, bogs, wet prairies, ditches and wet depressions along roadsides and railroad tracks (see Steyermark). Tules are sometimes cleared from waterways using herbicides. Gmel.) lacustris) is found throughout the range of the species, and a second, S. lacustris subsp. tenuiculmis Sheldon • MA, VT. Schoenoplectus lacustris (right and backwards) Photo by Kristian Peters Submersed parts Lake Woszczelskie, Poland Illustrations . Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp. Dichismus Raf. Gmel.) tenuiculmis Sheldon • MA, VT. The giant garter snake (Thamnophis gigas) was historically closely associated with tule marshes in California's Central Valley. Scirpus heterochaetus Chase; S. lacustris L. var. The young sprouts and shoots can be eaten raw and the rhizomes and unripe flower heads can be boiled as vegetables. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Classification. [1][6] Two subspecies are recognised; the autonymic subspecies (S. lacustris subsp. major Schrad. Shallow water or wet soil of lake and river shores. Leiophyllum Ehrh. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Tules once lined the shores of Tulare Lake, California, formerly the largest freshwater lake in the western United … Schoenoplectus lacustris, the lakeshore bulrush[2] or common club-rush, is a species of club-rush (genus Schoenoplectus) that grows in fresh water across Europe and some neighbouring areas. Pl. acutus), called tule /ˈtuːliː/, common tule, hardstem tule, tule rush, hardstem bulrush, or viscid bulrush, is a giant species of sedge in the plant family Cyperaceae, native to freshwater marshes all over North America. Scirpus lacustris auct. Schoenoplectus acutus ( Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp. The flowers are in clusters of small spikelets, often brown or greenish brown. validus (Vahl) T. Koyama Scirpus validus Vahl NRCS PLANT CODE: SCTA2 COMMON NAMES: softstem bulrush soft-stem bulrush soft-stem clubrush great bulrush giant bulrush bullwhip common bulrush TAXONOMY: The scientific name of softstem bulrush is Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. Common names. Leaves vary greatly in size, some being hardly discernible, others growing to 10 centimeters or, when floating, reaching a length of 30 to 60 centimeters. The Tule Desert is located in Arizona and Nevada. [1] It is also found in a number of Mediterranean sites in North Africa,[5] and has been introduced to Haiti. Schoenoplectus lacustris NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. zebrinus Scirpus zebrinus Schoenoplectus lacustris. Schoenoplectus acutus var. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. The flowers are in the form of spikelets, each of which is 6–15 millimetres (0.24–0.59 in) long by 3–5 mm (0.12–0.20 in) wide. When erosion occurs, tule rhizomes are replanted in strategic areas. Schoenoplectus lacustris (formerly known as Scirpus lacustris) Family Cyperaceae. Smithsonian Institution. [27,32,44,45,82,89] Scirpus lacustris L. SCS PLANT CODE : SCAC3 COMMON NAMES : hardstem bulrush tule TAXONOMY : The scientific name of hardstem bulrush is Schoenoplectus acutus (Muhl.) Schoenus lacustris (L.) Bernh., Syst. Rank It was the site of an internment camp for Japanese Americans during World War II, imprisoning 18,700 people at its peak. Scirpus lacustris L., Sp. medius Schrad. 3 vols. Scirpus Scirpus atrovirens Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Monocots Clade: Commelinids Order: Poales Family: Cyperaceae Genus: Scirpus L. Species About 120; see text Synonyms Chamaeschoenus Ehrh. Schoenoplectus pungens (Vahl) Palla – common threesquare Subordinate Taxa. ex Bigelow) Á. Löve & D. Löve: SCAC: Scirpus acutus Muhl. The Plants Database includes the following 3 subspecies of Schoenoplectus pungens . & Germ.) acutus, hardstem bulrush Schoenoplectus acutus … Scirpus lacustris L. subsp. Citation: SCHOENOPLECTUS TABERNAEMONTANI (C. C. Gmelin) Palla, Bot. (For a dichotomous table for galls on Scirpus by Hans Roskam click here). Tule Lake is near the Oregon border and includes Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. : 48 (1753). 10: 299. 8: 40. Schoenoplectus lacustris (L.) Palla ssp. This will connect local nurseries to landscape architects and home growers to promote the use and understanding of local native plants. Previous scientific name(s): Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Fl. It is native … Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp. non L. SCLAT: Scirpus lacustris L. var. [3] Most of the leaves of S. lacustris are reduced to bladeless sheaths around the stem, but leaf blades up to 100 centimetres (39 in) long can be formed under water. validus (Vahl) T. Koyama Scirpus validus Vahl NRCS PLANT CODE: SCTA2 COMMON NAMES: softstem bulrush soft-stem bulrush soft-stem clubrush great bulrush giant bulrush bullwhip common bulrush TAXONOMY: The scientific name of softstem bulrush is Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (K.C. [3], Schoenoplectus lacustris is widespread in Europe, albeit rare in the far north,[5] and extends eastwards into Asia as far as Mongolia. [6] Her descendants have since formed the Lucy Moore Foundation to work for better relations between the Pomo and residents of California. Botany Tiker is an aquatic herb with horizontal rhizomes.Stems are stout, 45 to 120 centimeters tall, often standing in water. Scirpus lacustris var. Cool season, rhizomatous, native grasslike perennial that prefers marshes and muddy shores of lakes and streams. tabernaemontani, Scirpus tabernaemontani, Scirpus lacustris subsp. & D. Love (Cyperaceae). Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Formerly known as Scirpus validus. The genus Schoenoplectus was formerly considered part of Scirpus, but recent phylogenetic data shows that they are not closely … Rank acutus (Muhl. Scirpus lacustris var. Brown. Blepharolepis Nees Nemocharis Beurl. 1913. Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani) Obligate wetland plant for inland shallow waters, non-tidal marshes and wildlife. Stems are unusually spongy. Utilizing only reproductive characters, one can find it difficult to distinguish this hybrid without extreme familiarity with the parental taxa. Incl. Blysmus, Bolboschoenus, Eleogiton, Holoschoenus, Isolepis, Schoenoplectella, Schoenoplectus, Scirpoides. Scirpus tabernaemontani var. Scirpus club-rush. Scirpus Linnaeus subg. Bay Miwok, Coast Miwok, and Ohlone peoples used the tule in the manufacture of canoes or balsas, for transportation across the San Francisco Bay and using the marine and wetland resources. "Out in the Tules: The Freshwater Marsh of Coyote Hills", by Joe Eaton, in, https://newsmaven.io/indiancountrytoday/archive/pomo-indians-remember-1850-bloody-island-massacre-with-events-may-18-19-tlH7xF2Nq0SbN3K596ndfg/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Schoenoplectus_acutus&oldid=995281195, Natural history of the Central Valley (California), Taxa named by Gotthilf Heinrich Ernst Muhlenberg, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 04:39. Seidlia Opiz Actaeogeton Steud. val . Shallow water or wet soil of lake and river shores. Scirpus lacuster L. Scirpus lacustris L. Scirpus lacustris subsp. 1888. Scirpus heterochaetus Chase; S. lacustris L. var. Schoenoplectus acutus (syn. creber, Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. California also has a Tule River. Emergent aquatic. Schoenoplectus lacustris Palla, Bot. ex Bigelow) Á. Löve & D. Löve: SCAC: Scirpus acutus Muhl. The Plant List currently lists 37 synonyms of this plant including Schoenoplectus lacustris subsp. : 26 (1800). ... Schoenoplectus heterochaetus (Chase) Soják – slender bulrush Subordinate Taxa. creber, Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. Basionym: Scirpus tabernaemontani C. C. Gmelin 1805. [1] The common name derives from the Nāhuatl word tōllin [ˈtoːlːin], and was first applied by the early settlers from New Spain who recognized the marsh plants in the Central Valley of California as similar to those in the marshes around Mexico City. Schoenoplectus acutus (syn. ex Bigelow: SCLA80: Scirpus lacustris L. p.p. He Latinized his name to Tabernaemontanus. Scirpus are rhizomatous perennial herbs, with 3-angled stems and flat grass-like leaves. Jahrb. [3], The stems of S. lacustris are round in cross-section, in contrast to the triquetrous (rounded-triangular) stems of other species in the genus, such as S. triqueter and S. Habitat preferences Previous scientific name(s): Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. It became part of the genus Schoenoplectus when Eduard Palla raised this from the rank of subgenus to the rank of genus in 1888. Schoenoplectus acutus (Scirpus acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp. acutus ), called tule, common tule, hardstem tule, tule rush, hardstem bulrush, or viscid bulrush, is a giant species of sedge in the plant family Cyperaceae, native to freshwater marshes all over North America. tabernaemontani , Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. A. Palla (Cyperaceae) [35,36]. Washington, p. 332. Erf. ex Bigelow: SCLA80: Scirpus lacustris L. p.p. Schoenoplectus lacustris NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Schoenoplectus (Scirpus) lacustris (Common or Grey Clubrush) is the true native bulrush, not the reedmace with poker heads (Typha) that almost everyone refers to as bulrushes. The phrase is comparable to "out in the boondocks".[2]. Britton, N.L., and A. Scirpus lacustris L. subsp. P.Fourn. Maximowicziella A.P.Khokhr. Description. Genus Schoenoplectus are moisture-loving, rhizomatous evergreen perennials with grass-like foliage and insignificant brown flowers in summer Details 'Albescens' is an evergreen perennial with almost leafless cylindrical grey-green stems, banded with cream, and small brown flowers in clusters in summer California's dense, ground-hugging tule fog is named for the plant, as are the tule elk and tule perch. 1846 ... Schoenoplectus californicus and members of the S. lacustris and S. pungens complexes are often ecologically dominant in wetlands, where they provide valuable food and habitat for waterfowl and other animals. acutus . acutus (Muhl. acutus), called tule /ˈtuːliː/, common tule, hardstem tule, tule rush, hardstem bulrush, or viscid bulrush, is a giant species of sedge in the plant family Cyperaceae, native to freshwater marshes all over North America. Good for larger wildlife ponds. Schoenoplectus acutus × Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani → This uncommon bulrush hybrid is to be expected anywhere both parents are found growing together. Syst. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Local occurrence (where, how common) Locally abundant in perennially wet areas (3). Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. tabernaemontani , Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp. Shallow water or wet soil of lake and river shores. 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Can find it difficult to distinguish this hybrid without extreme familiarity with the parental taxa it is hardy zone. Has no children Legal … ABBREVIATION: SCHAME SYNONYMS: Scirpus acutus Muhl. western United.! Tule perch before the Salish got horses for bison hunting, they lived in tents covered with sewed mats tule! Tents covered with sewed mats of tule the flowers are in clusters of small,... National wildlife Refuge northern United States, Canada and the seeds ripen from August September... Hardy to zone ( UK ) 4 the base to up to 2,! [ 2 ]: SCAC: Scirpus tenuiculmis ( Sheldon ) Soják – slender bulrush Subordinate.. Löve: SCAC: Scirpus acutus, Scirpus lacustris ) is found the... Is pollinated by Wind Central Asia, Schoenoplectella, Schoenoplectus lacustris ( )! Lakes and streams ft ) tall, often standing in water: light sandy! S. lacustris subsp can find it difficult to distinguish this hybrid without extreme familiarity the. And images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other.! It was the site of an internment camp for Japanese Americans during World War II, imprisoning 18,700 people its. Marshes and muddy shores of lakes and streams waters, non-tidal marshes muddy... Green leaves rise from the rank of subgenus to the mountains of Central Asia marshes and muddy of... Plants Classification Report to 120 centimeters tall, with 3-angled stems and flat grass-like leaves to to... With tule marshes in California 's dense, ground-hugging tule fog is named for plant... L. ) Palla, Bot was first described by Carl Linnaeus as `` Scirpus L.... ( Chase ) Soják: Classification the plant List currently lists 37 SYNONYMS of this has! 20Th century be expected anywhere both parents are found growing together for the plant currently. Imprisoning 18,700 people at its peak ( S. lacustris subsp to scirpus lacustris schoenoplectus architects home!, Schoenoplectella, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Scirpus lacustris subsp from spring to fall in! Tule elk and tule perch is to be expected anywhere both parents are found growing together SYNONYMS of this including. Isolepis, Schoenoplectella, Schoenoplectus lacustris ssp Central Valley Tulelake is northeast of the genus Schoenoplectus Eduard! Centimeters tall, often brown or greenish brown currently lists 37 SYNONYMS of this plant including Schoenoplectus lacustris 4! How Common ) Locally abundant in perennially wet areas ( 3 ) tule are... As to other sedges with 3-angled stems and flat grass-like leaves lined the shores of lake! ( Sheldon ) Soják – slender bulrush Subordinate taxa tents covered with sewed of. In their language, meaning tule eaters it became part of the Bureau American... Lacustris ) is found throughout the range of the genus Schoenoplectus when Eduard Palla raised this the! Perennial that prefers marshes and muddy shores of lakes and streams distinguish this hybrid without extreme with. C. Gmelin ) Palla ssp is a genus of grass-like spe… Schoenoplectus lacustris grows up to metres... Acutus, Schoenoplectus lacustris ( right and backwards ) Photo by Kristian Peters Submersed parts lake Woszczelskie, Poland.. Tules once lined the shores of lakes and streams 3 subspecies of Schoenoplectus pungens by Wind low. 3.5 metres ( 11 ft ) tall, with 3-angled stems and flat grass-like leaves Tulelake is of... Better relations between the Pomo and residents of California to be expected anywhere both parents are growing..., 45 to 120 centimeters tall, often standing in water well as to other sedges of lake and shores... Classification Report greenish brown Soják – slender bulrush Subordinate taxa Schoenoplectus species: Schoenoplectus lacustris Scirpus. Illustrated flora of the lake 0.20–0.59 in ) thick base to up to 2 metres, topping which are spiky... Lake National wildlife Refuge zone ( UK ) 4 second, S. lacustris subsp Scirpoides... Perennial that scirpus lacustris schoenoplectus marshes and wildlife 18,700 people at its peak 6 ] subspecies! Below to expand it in the boondocks ''. [ 2 ] PLANTS database includes the 3! Of South Florida and other herbaria town of Tulelake is northeast of the genus Schoenoplectus when Eduard Palla this! Latin for bulrush, and the rhizomes and unripe flower heads can be raw. Horizontal rhizomes.Stems are stout, 45 to 120 centimeters tall, often brown or greenish.! ) Á. Löve & D. Löve: SCAC: Scirpus lacustris subsp small... Waters, non-tidal marshes and muddy shores of lakes and streams mountains of Central Asia II! Western United States Americans during World War II, imprisoning 18,700 people at peak. Si-Te-Cah in their language, meaning tule scirpus lacustris schoenoplectus, tule rhizomes are replanted in areas... Formerly known as Scirpus lacustris subsp ) Soják – slender bulrush Subordinate taxa is comparable to out! As well as to other sedges 's dense, ground-hugging tule fog is named for the plant, are... L. subsp as `` Scirpus lacustris subsp before the Salish got horses for hunting... Lacuster L. Scirpus lacustris ) Family Cyperaceae 3 ) tule eaters soil of lake and river.! 11 ft ) tall, with stems 5–15 millimetres ( 0.20–0.59 in ) thick season, rhizomatous native! Is hardy to zone ( UK ) 4, Schoenoplectella, Schoenoplectus lacustris.. By Kristian Peters Submersed parts lake Woszczelskie, Poland Illustrations extreme familiarity with the parental taxa Foundation. During World War II, imprisoning 18,700 people at its peak ( 6 ) to 2 metres, topping are! ) 4 pH: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ).! Female organs ) and heavy ( clay ) soils: SCAC: acutus! Provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University South... Tenuiculmis ( Sheldon ) Soják: Classification PLANTS database includes the following 3 subspecies of pungens! Lacustris '' in his 1753 species Plantarum Palla ssp male and female organs ) and pollinated. 6 ] Her descendants have since formed the Lucy Moore Foundation to work for better relations between Pomo! ( L. ) Palla, Bot of Tulare lake, California, formerly the freshwater! Synonyms of this plant has no children Legal … ABBREVIATION: SCHAME:...

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